MyPlate replaces MyPyramid

Written by Catherine Saxelby on Tuesday, 14 June 2011.

MyPlate replaces MyPyramid

The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) recently launched its new healthy eating awareness tool - the MyPlate icon. This easy-to-understand icon replaces the more complex and less helpful MyPyramid. The MyPlate icon which allows American families to understand what they should be eating at a single glance is part of an awareness package that was developed to encourage healthy food choices based on the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

Its brightly coloured graphic clearly illustrates the proportions of five food groups (fruits, vegetables, grains, protein and dairy) to be consumed daily.

It's useful as far it goes. It seems to me that the main problem with the average American family's diet is not only the proportions of the five food groups. It's how much processed foods with their hidden ingredients - corn syrup, salt, trans fats, sugar etc - they consume on a daily basis.

Here's what MyPyramid guide looked like before the plate:

MyPyramid_graphic

 

 

 

 

 

 

My gripes

1.  All the food groups are on one plate would lead you to believe that you have to eat them all at each meal. Who has a plate with fruits, grains, proteins and vegetables for each meal?

2. MyPlate shows dairy as a glass, as though the dairy group is only milk and not cheese or yoghurt. This is explained in the accompanying website but I bet many won't read on that far.

3. It mixes food groups with nutrients. It is more usual to use Eggs, Fish, Meat, Poultry and Legumes rather than just the word "protein". If you're trying to educate then you can't just gloss over the component foods that make up "protein". Many ordinary Americans would not realise that nuts and legumes, for example, are part of the group.

4. It assumes that everyone eats their meals off a plate. I notice many people eating from a paper bag or cardboard fast food container or snack pack. And drinking via a straw as they walk. But maybe they're not the ones interested in nutrition. They should be.

5. There's no mention of whole grains, which are better for you. Again in the side notes, you're asked to select HALF your grains as whole grains.

 

The Aussie wedge-circle

AGHE_posterIn Australia we have used a pie chart graphic (forgive the pun) since 1998 but the constituents of each of the five food groups are more clearly illustrated. Frankly, I think the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating wedge model is more useful because it:

    • Shows that we need a variety of foods within each group to stay healthy
    • Highlights that we need to drink plenty of water and
    • Includes a "sixth" group of foods that should only be eaten sparingly. This group, which consists of fats, junk or fast foods, sweet drinks and treats, is ignored by MyPlate so burying its head in the sand. [I believe fats should be a basic food group but that's a whole new story].

    Note: the Australian Plate guide is currently under review along with the Core Food Groups and Dietary Guidelines.

     

    The dinner plate and rule

    Dinner_plate_proportionsWhile we need to eat a balance of the five food groups each day we don't need them all at each meal. I like the more practical "dinner plate guide" for a balanced main meal showing you can eat:

      • 50 per cent non-starchy vegetables or salad;
      • 25 per cent starchy carbs such as potatoes, rice, pasta, etc;
      • 25 per cent meat or alternatives.

        It gives you guidance on how much and what sort of foods to dish up for dinner.

         

        Portion Perfection PlatePortion_Perfection_Plate

        Well-known Queensland dietitian Amanda Clark has come up with an "aide-memoire" for this formula in the form of her "Portion Perfection" plate and book. The book includes everyday plus occasional foods or treats such as chocolate or wine and spells out just how much you can eat for a number of different diet levels.

        The book has hundreds of pictures showing brands of packaged foods and the plates and bowls show exactly how much you should be serving up. For more information on "Portion Perfection", visit the website.

        The bottom line

        All in all, I think the MyPlate icon is a clever, engaging way to portray five basic food groups graphically but it's been simplified a little too much – it really is a bit short on important details.

        It needs - and is supported by - an informative and easy-to-understand website called www.choosemyplate.gov that has sections on

        But it's a huge improvement on the too-academic Pyramid that's been the US official food guide since 2005.

        However, I think that the MyPlate concept hasn't been thought through properly. Maybe a MyShoppingTrolley icon would have been more useful. Showing people what they need to buy in the way of healthy foods seems to me to be an important first step in the healthy eating equation. I also think that using the 5 food groups plus Snacks or Treats shown in a graphic shopping trolley format with the proportion that each should be of your total supermarket shopping would be a real eye-opener for many people. What do you think?

         

        The Plate in the news

        MyPlate_Harvard_versionHarvard School of Health has come up with their "improved" version of the USDA MyPlate. The new Harvard Healthy Eating Plate is meant to be a rival with more emphasis on whole grains, water, more vegetables, more protein and little dairy.

        Also they have Fats/oils shown and suggest olive or canola oils. I prefer it over the USDA one. Interesting to see how much traction the Harvard version gets as they are an influential group in the US.